Source: The Economic Times, Feb 27, 2017
NEW DELHI: The Union urban development ministry has for-mulated a policy framework for transit-oriented development (TOD), which promotes living in proximity to mass urban transit corridors such as metros, monorail and bus rapid transit (BRT) corridors.
The Centre is also holding a workshop on February 28 to brief the states and Union Ter-ritories (UTs) on the ‘National Transit Oriented Develop-ment Policy’.
This new urban design and planning in the form of TOD is being incentivised by the mini-stry under two more initiatives — metro policy and green urban mobility scheme — which will be discussed with states and UTs for taking them on board, said a government re-lease on Sunday. TOD has been mandatory under the new Met-ro policy, while it has been made an essential reform under the Green urban mobility scheme, and is put on priority for recei-ving central assistance.Though the Centre had notified the TOD policy in early 2015, there was no clarity on the process for various sanctions — management of open spaces, parking space, water requirement, etc.
States and UTs are required to incorporate TOD in the master and development plans of cities besides identifying ‘influen-ce zones’ from transit corridors for tapping revenue stre-ams. Though all states are drafting their own TOD policy, the new policy framework by the urban development ministry is expected to provide basic guidelines for finalising it.
Development, or redevelop-ment, in a TOD zone will be incentivised by providing significantly higher floor area ratio, which will enable vertical construction that is required to address shortage of land availabili-ty. TOD also promotes integration of land use planning with transportation and infrastructure development to avoid long distance travel in cities through compact development.